过去将来时还可以表示过去没有实现的计划或愿望、意图

2024-07-22 19:36 来源: 文化之窗 本文影响了:512人

相信通过本文的学习和研究,你可以轻松秒杀一切关于过去进来时的考题。

常见结构:would + 动词原形

1. 表示从过去某一时间来看将要发生的动作或存在的状态,一般用于主句为过去时的宾语从句中。一般是主语偏向于主观上想做的动作。如:

I would go there to help you.我打算去那里帮助你。

She hoped that they would meet again someday.

她希望将来有一天他们能再见面。

I rang up to tell my father that I should leave for London.

我打电话告诉我父亲我要去伦敦。

He said he would come here next Friday.

他说下个礼拜五来这儿。

He told me he would go to Beijing.

他告诉我他将去北京。

I knew that he would help us when we were in trouble.

我知道我们处在困难中时他将帮助我们。

She told me that she would go to Shanghai for visiting the exhibition.她告诉我她要去上海看展览。

He said that he would be forty on his next birthday. 他说到下次生日他就四十岁了。

2. 表示过去的动作习惯或倾向:“总会,总是”

He would sit for hours doing nothing. 过去他常常坐几个钟头,什么事也不做。

The old man would sit on a bench in the quite park for hours without doing anything.

那位老人会在安静的公园里的长椅上坐上几个小时,什么也不做。

When I worked on that farm, I would get up at 5 am.

当我在那个农场工作时,我会在早上5点起床。

3. 用于虚拟语气中:

If I were you, I would go to look for him.
如果我是你,就会去找他。

If I were you, I would not do that.

如果我是你,我不会做那件事的。

If he were here, he would show us how to do it.

如果他在这儿,他会教我们怎么做的。

I could do so if I would. 要是我愿意, 我能够这样做(但我不愿意)。

If you would do this for me, I should be grateful indeed. 若是你愿意为我做这件事, 我将万分感激 。

They would be killed if the car went over the cliff. 如果汽车翻在悬崖下, 他们就会丧命。

We wish that he would come again. 我们但愿他会再来。

Should it rain, the crops would be saved.
=Were it to rain, the crops would be saved.

如果下雨,庄家就得救了。(虚拟条件句的从句部分如果含有were, should, 或had, 可将if省略,再把were, should或had 移到从句句首,实行倒装。)

试比较:

I was sure that I would work in a small city when I was a child. 在我很小的时候我就觉得我会在一个小城市工作。
If I were you, I would choose to work in a small city. 如果我是你,我会选择在小城市工作。(事实上我不是你)

You told me that you would talk with your parents. 你告诉我你会和父母谈谈的。
If you talked with your parents, something wouldn't happen. 如果你和父母谈过了,有些事就不会发生了。(你没和父母谈过)

She hoped that when Nixon told it to me the next morning I would not give him a hard time. 她希望第二天上午尼克松同我谈起这件事时,我不要使他难堪。
If she told me about this, I wouldn't give Nixon a hard time. 如果她告诉我这些,我就不会让尼克松难堪了。(她没告诉我这些事)

4. 过去将来时的其他形式

1) was / were going to + 动词原形。

一)是表示过去按计划或安排要做的事情。如:

I was going to tell you everything yesterday.
我昨天本想告诉你所有事。

.I suddenly remembered she was going to test us.
突然我想了起来,她今天要测验我们。

He told us that he was going to attend the meeting.

他曾经告诉我们他将参加会议。

She said that I was going to be sent to meet her at the railway station.

她说我将会被送到车站与她会面。

She said she was going to retire. 她说她将要退休。
Marcia called everyone and told them she wasn't going to have the party.  玛西娅打电话给所有的人并告诉他们她将不会举办聚会。
She said she was not going to make another film. 她说她不打算再拍电影了。

Was she going to change her mind? 她会改变主意吗?

Were they going to win the war? 他们将会赢得这场战争吗?

How were they going to raise enough money for it? 他们怎样来为此筹集足够的资金呢?

The conference was going to be held the next month. 会议下个月开。

二)可表示根据当时情况或某种迹象所作的判断(但不一定一定发生)。表示根据当时情况所作的判断

I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner.
我想萨里应该会做一顿丰盛的晚餐。

I thought that Jack was going to write a letter to his mother.

我想杰克会给他妈妈写封信。

It seemed as if it was going to rain.

看来好像要下雨。

I thought they were going to fight, but they didn't. 我以为他们会打架,但是他们没有。

She knew what was going to happen, but she didn't tell him. 她知道将会发生什么,但她有告诉他。
He always lied to them, so they were not to going to help him this time. 他经常说谎,所以这次他们不打算帮他。

三)was / were going to + 动词原形,还有一个特别的用法,一般语法书上不说,就是还可以表示过去没有实现的计划或愿望、意图等。

—Alice, why didn’t you come yesterday?

——爱丽丝,你昨天为什么没来呀?

—I was going to, but I had an unexpected visitor.

——我打算去的,但我家来了个不速之客。《97高考真题》

You were going to give me your address.

你本想把你的地址告诉我的。(但是你实际没有告诉我。)

Last Sunday we were going to go for a picnic but it rained.

上个礼拜天我摸本打算去野餐,但是下雨了。

Tom, you didn’t come to the party last night?

I was going to, but I suddenly remembered I had homework to do.

汤姆,昨晚你这么没有去参加晚会呢?

我本来打算去的,但是我突然记起我还有家庭作业要做。《2017高考真题》

2) was / were to + 动词原形。表示“曾计划做某事”;如果表示“本来计划做某事,动作没实现”,则需用“was/were to have done”。

如:

She said she was to have told me about the accident.

她说她本来想告诉我关于事故的事。

He said he was to meet his friend at the station at 4 p. m.

他说他下午四点去车站接他的朋友。

I was going to leave when he came in. 他进来时我正要离开。

We were to have our class at eight. 八点我们该上课了。

The building was to be completed next month.

大楼将在下个月完工。

Li Lei was to arrive soon.

李磊马上就要到了。

He asked where he was to put it. 他问他该把它放在哪里。

She said she was to get married next month. 她说她计划在下个月结婚

3) was / were about to + 动词原形。主要表示即将发生的动作。注意该结构一般不与任何时间状语连用。

如:

I felt that something terrible was about to happen.

我感到某种可怕的事情即将发生。

I was about to tell him about it when Wu Dong got in. 就在我要告诉他时,吴东进来了。

We were about to go there when it began to rain.

我们刚打算去那儿,这时天下起了雨。

He was about to have lunch when the bell rang.

就在他要吃中饭的时候,门铃响起来了。

We were about to leave there when it began to rain heavily and suddenly.

我们将离开的时候突然下起了大雨。

4) start, go, come, leave, see, meet等动词的过去进行时: 表示就过去某一时刻而言即将发生的动作。

She was coming later. 她随后就来。

I had just put on my overcoat and was leaving to visit a friend of mine.

我刚穿上外套要去看我的一个朋友。

She said the bus was leaving at five the next morning.

她说公共汽车在第二天早上离开。

He said the train was leaving at six the next morning.

他说火车将于第二天早晨六点离开。

She told me she was coming to see me.

她告诉我她要来看我。

He was leaving the next day. 他第二天要走了。

We were informed that the leaders were coming to our school soon. 我们接到通知说领导们很快要来我们学校。

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