高考英语阅读七选五的雷点和正确做题方法

2024-07-22 18:55 来源: 文化之窗 本文影响了:442人

任何一篇阅读七选五,常见的错误做题方法如下:

1.读开头第一段,提取一定的信息,并尽可能去翻译。

2.如第一段出现空,则开始查看七个选项。

3.翻译七个选项,翻译过程中,将所翻译内容,代入第一段。

4.逐空解决,剩余最后一空时,采用一定的方法,如排除等,填入。

         

问题痛点

1.对文章主题一知半解,为了追求翻译的圆满,不断添加各种想法,以达到逻辑自洽。

2.完全没有对设空位置的判断,也没有一定的应对措施,识别可能存在的干扰选项。

3.技巧永远只有一种,即原词复现,且对待任何设空,只使用这一技巧。

4.心态不稳,以求尽快填充答案,且没有验证的习惯。

         

七选五设空核心逻辑

1.文章为整体,取其中五句话,又打入两句干扰,构成选项;

2.干扰选项,常为句式结构相似,但意思相左,而此处的复现词常设坑

3.任何正确选项,在前后均有相应线索,即“无线索,不做题”;

4.小标题,或段落开头句,在于考察篇章结构特点,此空优先选用“原词复现”技巧

5.段落第二句,同第4条逻辑;

6.文本特性,决定时态特点,即说明文对应一般现在,而记叙或传记类文本对应一般过去,常在选项中体现;

7.标点符号的妙用,主要指“逗点【半句式】”、“双引号【时态】”、“问号【问句式,注意答句】”等;

         

七选五两大技巧:

1.名词在复现【尤指小标题,段落开头句】

2.代词在指代【特别是人称代词he/she等、单复代词it/they等】

         

七选五正确做题步骤如下:

1.阅读文章第一段,提取关键信息,即名词+动词,舍去多余的形副表达,在读不太明白的前提下,切勿过多加入额外信息;

2.观察空所在位置,特别关注小标题、段首句、特殊标点等;

3.研究选项,非必要无需逐字逐词翻译,但要学会提取关键信息,包括名词、代词、数词等,不要过多纠结形副修饰词,动词可以关注,但不要太过;

4.初步判断干扰选项的可能,如相似句式,含相同关键词等;

5.返回文中,从小标题、段首句、特殊标点处开始做题,其次是段中,段尾,最后才是首段

6.段尾句做题时,先观察小标题,再观察空前句;

7.做题时,一定做到全局把控,心有说明结构图谱。

         

(2023•周口模拟)Living a life that is fulfilling and purpose-driven is possible for all. It' s not only about embracing the special moments that make you come alive. It' s also about the power of purpose. (1)_________________.          
    Re-evaluate your priorities. You need to identify what is truly important to you and focus your energy on those things. (2)_________________. Say "no" to activities that don't agree with your values and say "yes" to experiences that do. Taking the time to examine your core values helps you to understand what matters most in your life.          
    Take control of your time. You can always make more money, but you'll never have more time. (3)_________________. Spend more time doing things that agree with your highest self and less time on those that don't. By doing so, you can transform your life from normal to extraordinary.          
    (4)_________________. Analyze your interests and determine what brings you joy and fulfillment. Prioritize them and take steps toward turning them into reality. You could take classes, create a side project, or explore different hobbies. Whatever it is, pursue it actively and don't let it slip away due to a lack of motivation.          
    Take risks. This can lead to extraordinary success or extraordinary failure. You need to be willing to step outside of your comfort zone and embrace change. (5)_________________, you should take comfort in the uncomfortable. Taking risks is both thrilling and terrifying at the same time. So take a leap of faith and start living an extraordinary life today!

A. Take your time to pursue your passions                  

B. Consider your interests and compare the benefits                  

C. If you worry that you will make the mistakes in the future                  

D. Active control means making time for rest and creative pursuits                 E. Find your purpose by exploring these steps to live a meaningful life         F. Whether taking a leap in your career or trying something new in your life 

G. Making conscious choices about your time and energy is one way to achieve this

1.观察首段,提取信息live a life with purpose

2.观察结构,典型的小标题式结构,空4为切入口,即动词原形开头;空5为逗点,半句式结构

3.分析选项,选项关键信息提取痕迹如下:

A. Take your time to pursue your passions          

B. Consider your interests and compare the benefits          

C. If you worry that you will make the mistakes in the future          

D. Active control means making time for rest and creative pursuits          

E. Find your purpose by exploring these steps to live a meaningful life          

F. Whether taking a leap in your career or trying something new in your life          

G. Making conscious choices about your time and energy is one way to achieve this

① take和consider为动词原形开头,初步判断为小标题

② if和whether为半句式结构,对应空5 

A/B对应空4,大家很容易根据interest的原词复现,选择B。小标题选择复现,不是错误,但很容易被命题人挖坑。换句话说,他们想要提高试题难度,而希望你们哪怕去阅读文本时,必然在你们认为最简单的地方设坑。你们所了解的方法,命题人全都知道。         


正确做题方法如下:

1.无法精确翻译语句的时候,切不可胡乱翻译,只关注核心信息

① A项:Take your time to pursue your passions

关注time-pursue passion,核心在于pursue追求

B项:Consider your interests and compare the benefits

关注consider interest→compare benefit,核心在于compare比较


分析空后句:

Analyze your interests and determine what brings you joy and fulfillment.

analyze interest→determine the one

雷点:compare benefits和determine the one进行等同,再经由interest复现词强化,很容易说服自己选择B。

这种情况下,解决办法有两个:

1.关注文章整体结构逻辑,即在文本中,该段落是否重点在于compare;

2.关注段落后句意表达,即段落后半部分,是否出现compare的相关表述,从而进行选择;

【1】从文章结构来看,布局如下:

① re-evaluate the priority优先项→②time control时间→③_______→④take risks风险

即③应该谈具体一方面,而非多方面的比较

【2】从段落后半部分来看,篇幅只专注某一方面,如都不明白,则可关注几个关键词,hobby-pursue等。pursue词的出现,符合前文所述的“线索”。

         

另辟蹊径的思路:两句话如出现句式结构相似,即consider your interest和analyze your interest,则该选项有极大的概率为错误选项,因为英语的文本解释,不是重复,而是用另一种句式结构进行展开。         

         

空5半句式:

(5)_________________, you should take comfort in the uncomfortable.

C. If you worry that you will make the mistakes in the future          
F. 
Whether taking a leap in your career or trying something new in your life          

半句式命题,是状语从句的逻辑考察,即前后部分逻辑的匹配性。

C项主要为worry to make mistakes

F项主要为try new things

后半句为comfort in the uncomfortable,uncomfortable匹配new things,即小标题的risk。很明显,risk≠mistakes。

         

剩余空1、空2和空3,对应

D. Active control means making time for rest and creative pursuits          

E. Find your purpose by exploring these steps to live a meaningful life          

G. Making conscious choices about your time and energy is one way to achieve this 

空3,小标题Take control of your time.,因此必然同D项的control和time有关;

空1,首段,these steps是明显提示信息,且purpose为首段主要信息,因而选E项;

空2,验证,G项中的achieve this,是否对应前句的identify what is truly important to you and focus your energy on those things,如对应,则G项为正确选项,如不对应,则有可能为上文曾排除的小标题干扰选项【命题人另一种可能的坑】。         

【参考答案】EGDAF

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