wish宾语从句虚拟语气用法重点分析

2024-06-16 17:24 来源: 文化之窗 本文影响了:26人

一、用法说明

动词wish后接宾语从句时,从句谓语要用虚拟语气。若要表示与现在事实相反的愿望,从句谓语用一般过去时或过去进行时;若表示与过去相反的愿望,从句谓语用过去完成时或would / could+have +过去分词;若表示将来没有把握或不太可能实现的愿望,用would (could)+动词原形。如:

I wish he were here tonight.要是他今晚在这儿就好了。

I wish I were[was] taller.我要是个子高一些就好了。

I wish I knew how to turn on the heating.真希望我知道怎么开暖气。

I wish we'd known about it beforehand.要是我们预先知道这事就好了。

I wish I were young again, but getting older has its compensations.

我要是能再次年轻就好了,但上了年纪也有上了年纪的好处。

I wish it weren't true但愿这不是真的。

I wish I knew what they were driving at.我要是知道他们的用意就好了。

I wish I were not so busy. 但愿我不那样忙碌。

I wish I hadn't eaten so much.我倒希望我没有吃这么多。

I wish I were [was] better looking. 要是我长得漂亮些就好了。

I wish I were rich. (考试或写作专用)

I wish I was rich. (其他非正式场合用)

I wish I had known Charlie was coming. I would have invited Jane.

要是当时我早知道查理要来就好了。我会邀请简的。

I wish that I hadn't eaten so much yesterday!

要是当时我昨天没吃那么多就好了!

I wish that the train had been on time.

要是当时火车准点就好了。

She wished she had stayed at home. 她后悔的是她当时要是留在家里就好了。

.对将来发生的事情表示祝愿或愿望:主语+wish+从句主语+would(could,might)+动词原形

eg:I wish she would try again.

我希望她能再试一次。

I wish you would go with us tomorrow. 要是你明天同我们一起去就好了。

I wish you wouldn’t look down on this kind of work. 我希望你不要看不起这种工作。

This watch has gone wrong. I wish I had bought a better make. 这只表坏了,我真愿意我买的是好一点的牌子。

I wish you wouldn’t smoke any more. 我希望你不再抽烟了。

I wish you would be more respectful to your father. 我希望你对你父亲更尊敬些。

I wish I could be of some use. 我希望我能有什么用处。

对过去发生的事情表示遗憾或后悔时:主语+wish(that)+从句主语+would/could have/had+过去分词

I wish i have been with you,

我但愿当时和你在一起。

I wish that I could have gone with you tomorrow.

我希望我昨晚能和你在一起。

二、特别注意

从句的时态只与从句所指的时间有关,而与wish的时态无关,比较:

I wish I were rich. 要是我现在有钱就好了。

I wish I had been rich. 要是那时我有钱就好了。

I wished I were rich. 当时我后悔自己没有钱。

I wished I had been rich. 当时我后悔自己曾经没有钱。

三、wish + (that) + would + 不带 to 不定式

I wish you wouldn't knock at the table again.

我希望你不要再敲桌子了。

I wish you would come back to Washington with us, but that's for you to decide

我希望你能和我们一起回华盛顿,但是这由你决定。

I wish you'd be quiet for a minute.

我希望你会安静一会儿。

I wish you wouldn't leave your clothes all over the floor.

我真希望你不把衣服丢得满地都是。

I wish that John wouldn't eat all the chocolate.

我希望约翰不要把巧克力都吃了。

I wish you wouldn't look down on this kind of work.

我希望你不要看不起这种工作。

I wish you’d stop making so much noise!

我希望你不要再吵了!

I wish you'd take me seriously.

我希望你认真对待我的话。

I wish you'd use your head.

我希望你凡事多用用脑筋。

I wish that you wouldn't smoke so much!

我希望你不要抽那么多烟!

I wish the bus would hurry up and come.

我希望公共汽车能快点来。

I wish that you wouldn't work late so often.

我希望你不要经常工作到很晚。

它可以用来谈论天气,例如:

I wish that it would stop raining!

我希望雨停!

wish 与 could 连用也表示希望(不可能或可能性很小的事发生)

My father died last year ─ I wish I could bring him back to life.

去年我父亲逝世了——我要是能使他起死回生该多好啊。

I wish that I could speak Spanish.

我希望我能说西班牙语。

I just wish that everything could be as it used tobe.

我只希望一切都能像以前一样。

I wish that we could go to the party tonight.

我希望我们今晚能去参加聚会。

I wish that John could help you clean up.

我希望约翰能帮你打扫卫生。

I wish I could do that.

我希望我能做那件事。

四、wish + 带 to 不定式

Wish + 带 to 不定式,意思相当于 would like,表示希望做某事,是一种正式的表达方式,例如:

They wish to limit the power of the State.

他们希望限制政府权力。

We wish to protest in the strongest possible terms.

我们想要以最强硬的措辞抗议。

I don't wish to be rude, but could you be a little quieter?

我不想无礼,但请您安静一点儿好吗?

I don't wish to sound callous, but I am glad I wasn't here...

我不想让自己的话听上去麻木不仁,但我真的很庆幸我当时没在这儿。

He did not wish to die the agonizing death of his mother and brother

他不想像母亲和兄弟那样痛苦地死去。

He no longer wished to be associated with the party's policy on education.

他不再愿意与该党的教育方针认同。

I wish to speak to the manager.

我想跟经理说话。

If you wish to make a fool of yourself, that is your affair

如果你想让自己出丑,那是你自己的事。

They wished to disengage themselves from these policies.

他们希望能摆脱这些政策的束缚。

They wish to begin immediately after dinner

他们希望饭后马上就开始。

I do not wish to complicate the task more than is necessary.

我不想使这项任务不必要地复杂化。

I wish to visit you in the summer, if possible.

如果可能的话,我想在夏天拜访你。

Ellis evidently wished to negotiate downwards after Atkinson had set the guidelines.

埃利斯显然希望在阿特金森制定了指导方针后继续往下协商。

He wished to live in amity with his neighbour.

他希望与邻居和睦相处。

More than 800 students wished to take part in this test, and 400 were chosen.

有800多名学生希望参加这次测试,结果有400人被选中。

He wished to do as he was told.

他希望按吩咐做事。

I sometimes wished to find another agent.

我有时想找另一个探员。

He wished to earn a living through writing but despaired of doing so.

他想通过写作来谋生,不过他对此不抱希望。

If you wish to go away for the weekend, our office will be delighted to make hotel reservations...

如果您想外出度周末,我们办事处将很乐意为您预订旅馆。

五、wish + 宾语 + 带 to 不定式

与“wish + 带 to 不定式”意思一样,表示希望某人做某事,例如:

I do not wish you to publish this article.

我不希望你发表这篇文章。

He was not sure whether he wished her to stay or go.

他说不准他到底是希望她留下还是离开。

I wish these people to leave.

我希望这些人离开。

六、wish + sb + sth

Wish + sb + sth,常用于一些固定搭配,例如:

I wished her a happy birthday.

我祝她生日快乐。

They wished us Merry Christmas.

他们祝我们圣诞快乐。

I would like to wish you a merry Christmas and a happy New Year.

祝您圣诞节愉快,新年快乐。

I wish you a happy New Year!

祝您新年快乐!

I just wanted to wish you a merry Christmas

我只想祝福你圣诞快乐。

I wish you success in your new job.

祝你在新工作中取得成功。

We wish you a speedy recovery.

我们祝愿你早日康复。

I wish you both a very good journey

我祝愿你们两人旅途愉快。

We wish you both health and longevity.

我们祝愿您二位健康长寿。

We wish her luck in her new career.

我们祝愿她在新的事业中一帆风顺。

We wish you every success.

我们祝你万事如意。

Dear Madam Ambassador, we wish you a happy journey.

亲爱的大使阁下,我们祝您一路顺风。

We all wish you a long and happy retirement.

我们大家祝愿你的退休生活长久而幸福。

We wish them both well in their retirement.

我们祝愿他们两位退休后颐养天年。

I wish you good health and a long life.

祝您健康长寿。

Wish you health and happiness.

祝你康乐。

I wish you a good [ happy] journey!

祝你一路顺风!

I wish you a good night's sleep.

祝你睡一夜好觉。

I turned around and saw a pleasant woman with a big smile on her face waving to wish me a safe trip.

我转过身来,看见一个面带笑容、和蔼可亲的女人挥手祝我一路平安。

Wish me luck!

祝我交好运吧!

I wish you happiness.

祝你幸福。

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