高中英语必修三Unit3The world Online知识点精讲(2)

2024-04-19 16:18 来源: 文化之窗 本文影响了:55人

知识点11

You can have food delivered to you using food delivery apps and sites.

你可以使用食物派送应用程序或网站让人把食物派送给你。

本句中的have food delivered是have sth.done结构。表示“使某事被做,请/让/叫别人做某事”,可翻译成“请人做某事”或“主语遭遇到某事”。其中过去分词done在句中作宾语补足语,表示被动意义。

(1) Tom ________ while playing football yesterday.

昨天汤姆踢足球时摔断了腿。

(2) The old computer doesn’t work, and I will have it ________ (repair) soon.

这台旧电脑坏了,我会尽快让人修理的。

[易混辨析] have sth.done, have sb./sth. doing, have sb./sth.do.

结构

含义

宾语与宾语补足语的关系

have sth. done

使/让别人做某事;使遭受……

动宾

have sb./sth. doing

使/让某人(物) 持续地做某事

主谓

have sb./sth. do

使/让某人(物) 去做某事

主谓


(3) My teacher had me ________ (write) a short passage yesterday.

昨天老师让我写了一篇短文。

(4) It’s cold. We should have the fire ________ (burn) all the time.

天气冷,我们应该让火一直燃烧着。

知识点12

No matter where we arewe are able to keep in contact with loved ones...

无论我们在哪里,我们都能与所爱的人保持联系……

※本句中的no matter where we are是“no matter +特殊疑问词”引导让步状语从句。

※no matter常与
what/who/when/where/how/whether/which等连用,表示“无论……;不管……”。

※no matter+what/who/where/when/how等,可以改为“what/who/where/when/how等+­ever”的形式。但是“no matter+疑问词”只能引导让步状语从句,而“wh­ever”不仅可以引导让步状语从句,还可以引导名词性从句。

(1) ________ the situation, carry out the plan.

不管情况多么艰难,都要执行这个计划。

(2) ________ he goes, he always donates some money to the homeless.

无论他去哪里,他总是捐些钱给无家可归的人。

(3) ________ breaks the law, he or she will be punished.

无论谁触犯了法律都会受到惩罚的。

(4) You can take ________ you like when you get there.

你到了那里,喜欢什么就拿什么。

知识点13

Just Dance is a website belonging to all dance lovers.

跳舞吧是一个属于所有舞蹈爱好者的网站。

belong to属于,归……所有

※belonging n.归属

belongings n.[pl.]财物;动产

※belong vi.属于

注意:belong to 不用于进行时和被动语态。

(1) Look after your personal ________ while waiting for the bus.

等公交车时照看好你的个人财物。

(2) When he joined the club, he felt a sense of ________ (belong).

他加入俱乐部后,感觉到了归属感。

(3) Some of the stamps ________ me, while the rest are his and hers.

这些邮票中有些是我的,其余的是他的和她的。

[高级表达]

(4) I’d like to have a look at the toys which belong to you.

I’d like to have a look at the toys ________________.(用非谓语动词改写)

知识点14

Fiona wanted to introduce more people to danceso she set up Just Dance.

菲奥娜想把舞蹈介绍给更多的人,所以她成立了跳舞吧

set up创建,建立

set aside把……留出

set down记下;放下;登记;让某人下车

set about (doing) sth.开始/着手(做)某事

set out出发,动身;开始(后跟不定式)

set off出发,动身,启程;使……爆炸;引发

(1) Now Mr. Anderson has ________ an online campaign to raise money for Mr. Smith and other homeless people in the area.

现在安德逊先生已经发起了网上运动来为史密斯先生和这个地区其他无家可归的人筹钱。

(2) You had better set ________ what he said about military affairs.

你最好把他说的关于军队事务的事情写下来。

(3) The woman sets ________ some time each day for writing for the column.

这个女人每天抽出一些时间为这个专栏写东西。

(4) On hearing the news, they set ________ for London early this morning.

一听到那个消息,今天早上他们就动身去伦敦了。

[一句多译]

(5)晚饭后玛丽立刻开始做家庭作业。

①Mary ________________ right after supper. (set about)

②Mary ________________ right after supper. (set out)

知识点15

Taking advantage of the site’s great startFiona decided to add more content.

利用这个网站良好的开端,菲奥娜决定增加更多的内容。

take advantage of 利用

※to one’s advantage对某人有利

gain/have/win an advantage over优于,胜过

at an advantage处于优势

have the advantage of有……的优势

※take notice of 注意到

take one’s time不着急;慢慢来

take it easy不紧张

take action采取行动

take...for example以……为例

(1) They ________ the fine weather to play tennis.

他们利用好天气去打网球。

(2) You will be ________ an advantage if you think about the plan in advance.

如果你提前考虑一下计划,那么你会处于优势。

(3) The majority of the members have the advantage ________ me in experience.

大多数成员经验比我丰富。

(4) You’d better ________ what you read in the newspaper.

你最好注意一下你在报纸上读到的东西。

(5) Before the exam, my mother always asked me to ________.

在考试前,妈妈总是让我放松一些。

知识点16

For exampleshe has requested a technical team to develop an app so as to satisfy different users’ needs.例如,她要求一个技术团队开发一个软件来满足不同用户的需求。

request vt.要求,请求 n要求,请求;要求的事

※request sb.to do sth.要求某人做某事

request sth. from sb.(正式或礼貌地)向某人请求或要求某物

※make a request for请求;要求

at sb.’s request=at the request of sb.应某人的请求/要求

注意:request后跟宾语从句、表语从句或同位语从句时,从句中的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,should可省略。

(1) She ________ some water and then began to surf the Internet.

她要了一些水,然后开始上网。

(2) The boy requested a computer ________ his parents as his birthday present.

男孩向父母要一台电脑作为生日礼物。

(3) You are requested not ________ (smoke) in the theatre.

请不要在剧院里吸烟。

(4) ________ some English learners, he has published a lot of books.

应一些英语学习者的请求,他已经出版了很多书。

[句型转换]

(5) The teacher requested us to go over our lessons after school. (改为复合句)

→The teacher requested that we ________ after school.

知识点17

I was a smartphone addict.我对智能手机上瘾。

addict n……入迷的人;瘾君子

※addicted adj.上瘾的

be addicted to对……上瘾

※addiction n.瘾;入迷

※addictive adj.使人上瘾的

(1) He became a video game ________ when he was very young.

他很小的时候就是游戏迷了。

(2) Her son is ________ (addict) to computer games, which was unbearable for her.

她的儿子对电脑游戏上瘾,对此她无法忍受。

(3) She was aware of the fact that her husband was fighting his ________ (addict) to alcohol.

她意识到了这个事实:她丈夫正在努力戒酒。

(4) Gradually, I found jogging in the morning very ________ (addict).

逐渐地,我发现早上慢跑很使人着迷。

[高级表达]

(5) As she was addicted to a novel, she didn’t finish her homework.(用非谓语动词改写)

________________________,she didn’t finish her homework.

知识点18

Head downeyes on my smartphoneI stepped into the road and a car shot pastnearly knocking me off my feet!我低着头,眼睛盯着智能手机,走到马路上,突然一辆车飞驰过来,差点把我撞倒。

knock sb. off one’s feet撞倒某人,使某人双脚离地

knock at/on敲(门、窗等)

knock down击倒,撞倒

knock into撞在……上;偶然遇到

knock...over(开车)撞倒,撞死;打翻

(1) Hearing that her son was by ________ a car, she was very shocked.

听说儿子被车撞了,她非常震惊。

(2)I knocked ________ the door but no one answered.

我敲了门,但无人应答。

(3)I knocked ________ an old friend of mine when delivering the goods in this area last night.

昨晚,我在这个地区送货时,遇到一位老朋友。

(4) Carelessly, I knocked my teacup ________ and the tea went all over the table cloth.

我不小心把茶杯打翻了,茶洒了一桌布。

[高级表达]

(5) The passengers sent the man who had been knocked over by a truck to the hospital. (用非谓语动词改写)

The passengers sent the man ________________ to the hospital.

知识点19

Best of allI began to appreciate the beauty in life with my own eyesinstead of through my smartphone camera.最重要的是,我开始用自己的眼睛欣赏生活中的美,而不是通过手机摄像头。

appreciate vt.欣赏,赏识;感谢

※appreciate doing sth.愿意做某事

appreciate (one’s) doing sth.感激(某人)做某事

I would appreciate it if...如果……我将不胜感激。

※appreciation n.欣赏;理解;鉴赏;感激;评价

in appreciation of感谢……

注意:thank意为:感谢,后面接人作宾语;appreciate意为:感谢,后面接事物作宾语。


(1) This is often ________ since at a housewarming there isn’t a lot of food served.

乔迁派对上没什么吃的,所以这招很受欢迎。

(2)I really appreciate ________ (work) with someone who never makes a comment.

我非常乐意与从不发表评论的人共事。

(3) I’d appreciate ________ if you would like to teach me how to set up a club.

如果你教我怎样建立俱乐部,我会非常感激的。

(4) Chinese arts have won the ________ (appreciate) of a lot of people overseas.

中国艺术已经赢得了许多海外人士的欣赏。

(5) Please accept this gift in appreciation ________ all you’ve done for us.

非常感谢你为我们所做的一切,请收下这个礼物。

知识点20

I cannot escape from the modern worldbut I can cut back on the amount of time I spend on my smartphone every dayand I do.

我无法逃离现代世界,但我可以减少每天花在智能手机上的时间,而且我也是这么做的。

cut back on减少;削减

cut down 砍倒;削减;删节;缩短

cut across 穿过(某地)(尤指抄近路)

cut in 插嘴

cut off 中止,切断;使隔绝

cut out 裁剪;删去

cut up 切碎

(1) The woman has ________ the amount of money spent on her new clothes.

这个女人已经减少了花在新衣服上的钱的数量。

(2) He was aware of the fact that most trees here had been ________.

他意识到了这个事实;这里的大多数树都被砍倒了。

(3) Our water supply has been ________ again due to the terrible hurricane.

因为可怕的飓风,我们的供水又被切断了。

(4) You can’t ________ the unimportant details while making some arrangements.

在进行安排时,你不可以删掉不重要的细节。

(5) She always ________ when other people are talking.

别人说话时她总是插嘴。

(6) He always ________ his food before he eats it.

他在吃之前总是切碎食物。

知识点21

She always found dance relaxing after a long day at school.

在学校待了一整天后,她一直觉得舞蹈让人放松。

※句中的found dance relaxing是“find+宾语+宾语补足语”结构。

※“find+宾语+宾语补足语”结构的常见类型:

find+宾语+名词/介词短语/副词/形容词

find+宾语+to be...

find+宾语+doing

find+宾语+done

(1) After a long time, I ________________.

很长一段时间之后,我发现那种经历是可怕的。

(2) When she arrived home, she found her pet cat ________ (lie) in the yard.

她到家时,发现宠物猫躺在院子里。

(3) The boy ran to his pet dog, only to find it ________ (kill).

男孩跑向他的宠物狗,却发现它被杀死了。

[句型转换]

(4) When she entered her son’s room, she found that he was crying.

→When she entered her son’s room, she ________________.

知识点22

Head downeyes on my smartphoneI stepped into the road and a car shot pastnearly knocking me off my feet

我低着头,眼睛盯着智能手机,走到马路上,突然一辆车飞驰过来,差点把我撞倒。

本句中的Head down,eyes on my smartphone是独立主格结构。

常见的独立主格结构有以下几种:

※逻辑主语+ving,表示逻辑主语与后面的动作是主动关系。

※逻辑主语+ved,表示逻辑主语与后面的动作是被动关系。

※逻辑主语+to do,表示还未发生的动作或状态。

※逻辑主语+形容词/副词/介词短语,表示逻辑主语所处的状态或位置等。

(1) ________,we will go camping next Sunday.

若天气许可,下周日我们就去野营。

(2) He turned to me, ________.

他睡眼惺忪地转向我。

(3) His mother ________ (come) tonight, he is busy preparing the dinner.

他妈妈今晚要来,他正忙着准备晚饭。

[一句多译]

(4)考试结束后,我们开始了假期。

①When ________, we began our holiday. (复合句)

② ________, we began our holiday. (独立主格结构)

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