人教版 | 九年级英语(上册)各单元语法梳理

2022-10-02 10:57 来源: 文化之窗 本文影响了:546人

Unit 1:How can we become good learners?

第一单元的语法重点是

"by+V-ing”结构详解;

提建议的句式。

by+V-ing

★“by+V-ing”结构在句子中作方式状语,常用来表示“以、靠、借助、通过、用(某种方法或手段)”而达到某种预期的目的。该结构常用来回答 How do you...? 之类的问题。

★ 当 by 和表示交通工具的名词连用时,它与名词之间不用任何限定词,且名词用单数形式。

They often go to school by subway.

他们经常坐地铁上学。

★ by,in 和 with 都可以表示“通过;借助”。

by 后接表示动作、行为的名词;

in 表示“用某种语言;用某种材料”;

with 后接表示物体或工具的名词。如:

You may send the book by post.

你可以通过邮局把书寄出去。


提建议句式

①What/how about +doing sth.?

如:What/ How about going shopping?

②Why don't you +do sth.?

如:Why don't you go shopping?

③Why not +do sth.?

如:Why not go shopping?

④Let's +do sth.

如:Let's go shopping

⑤Shall we/I+ do sth.?

如:Shall we/ I go shopping?


Unit 2:I think that mooncakes are delicious!


第二单元的语法重点是:

宾语从句;

反义疑问句;

表达“花费”。

宾语从句

that,if 和 whatever 引导的宾语从句:

★ 宾语从句中连接词的选择

1. 由 that 引导的宾语从句:that 在从句中无词义,不作任何成分,常可省略。如:

Jenny said (that) she could finish her painting before supper.

I think (that) you are right.

2. 由 if 或 whether 引导的宾语从句:

if 或 whether 引导宾语从句时,一般可通用,都表示“是否”。如:

I don't know if / whether she still works there.

I want to know if / whether there is a hospital in this street.

但在下列情况下,只能用 whether,而不能用 if:

(1)在 whether ... or not 或 whether or not 结构中,不能用 if。如:

Nobody knows whether or not it will rain.

(2)在介词之后用 whether。如:

I'm interested in whether he likes English.

★ 主从句时态的呼应当主句是一般现在时态时,

从句可用各种时态;当主句是一般过去时态时,从句常用过去的某种时态。但当从句叙述的是客观事实或一般真理时,即使主句为过去时,宾语从句仍然用一般现在时态。如:

He said he would spend his holiday in Dalian. Our geography teacher told us that the sun rises in the east.

直击中考【四川乐山】

-Thank you for telling me so much knowledge about nature.

-Don't mention it. _____ you have more questions,come to me any time.

A.If B.BecauseC.Though

反义疑问句

①肯定陈述句+否定提问。如:

Lily is a student isn't she?

Lily will go to China,won't she?

②否定陈述句+肯定提问。如:

She doesn't come from China,does she?

You haven't finished homework,have you?

③提问部分用代词而不用名词,如:

Lily is a student,isn't she?

④陈述句中含有否定意义的词如:little,few,never,nothing,hard 等,其反意疑问句用肯定式。如:

He knows little English,does he?

他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?

表达“花费”

1.spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间"

①spend...on sth.在某事上花费(金钱、时间)

②spend...doing sth.花费金钱或时间去做某事

He spends too much time on clothes.

他花费太多的时间在衣着上。(花金钱)

He spend 3 months building the bridge.

他花费了三个月去建这座桥。(花时间)

2. pay 的基本用法是:

① pay(sb.)money for sth. 花费钱(给某人)买。

② pay for sth. 付……的钱。

③ pay for sb. 替某人付钱。

④ pay sb. 付钱给某人。

⑤ pay money back. 还钱。

⑥ pay off one's money. 还清钱。

① I pay 10 yuan for the book.

我花了 10 元买这本书。

② I have to pay for the book lost.

我不得不赔丢失的书款。

③ Don't wory! I'll pay for you.

别担心,我会给你付钱的。

④ They pay us every month.

他们每月给我们报酬。3. take 后面常跟双宾语,常见用法有以下几种:① It takes sb.+时间+to do sth.

做某事花了某人多少时间。

② doing sth.takes sb.+时间

做某事花了某人多少时间。

① It took them three years to build this road.

他们用了三年时间修完了这条路。

② Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon.他花了一下午修车。

4.cost 的主语是物或某种活动,还可以表示”值”,常见用法如下:

① sth. costs(sb.)+ 金钱

某物花了(某人)多少钱。

<p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; fon

点击下载
相关信息
各年级视频辅导入口