高中英语必修三 Unit2Natural Disasters知识点精讲(2)

2024-03-04 14:11 来源: 文化之窗 本文影响了:70人

Unit2Natural Disasters

知识点10

The moment the shaking stoppedMiss Brown sensed it was the best time for the class to make their escape.

摇晃刚一停止,布朗老师就觉察到这是全班学生逃离的最佳时刻。

※the moment……一……就……,在句中引导时间状语从句。

※“一……就……”的表达方式有:

(1)由as soon as,immediately,instantly,directly,the
moment/minute/second/instant等引导的时间状语从句。

(2)hardly...when...,no sooner...than...句型,其中主句用过去完成时,when和than引导的从句用一般过去时。当hardly,no sooner置于句首时,主句需用部分倒装,即将助动词、系动词、情态动词提到主语之前。

(3)on/upon+名词/v.­ing形式。

(1)________________I closed my eyes,I fell asleep.

我一闭上眼睛就睡着了。

(2)________________the boy saw his mother,he ran away.

小男孩一看见他妈妈就跑开了。

(3)On/Upon ________________(arrive) at the station,he called me up.

他一到车站就给我打了电话。

(4)Hardly had we begun the climb ________________the snow began to come down.

我们刚一开始爬山就下起雪来了。

知识点11

As you can imagineit was a bit of a shock.

正如你能想象的,有点令人震惊。

shock n震惊,惊愕;剧烈震动 vt.使震惊;使气愤

※shocked adj.感到震惊的

be shocked by/at...对……感到震惊

be shocked to do sth.因做某事而感到震惊

be shocked that...对……感到震惊

※shocking adj.令人震惊的

(1)The news of the disaster occurring there ________ the whole nation.

那里发生灾害的消息让全国人民感到震惊。

(2)Jones was ________(shock) when she said that she didn’t actually mind being cheated.

当她说真的不介意被欺骗时,琼斯非常震惊。

(3)I was shocked ________(hear) his reaction on the disaster.

听到他对这场灾难的反应,我很震惊。

(4)The ending of this play is very ________(shock).

这出戏的结局真令人震惊。

[一句多译]

(5)这个消息让会上的人们很是震惊。

①The news made ________________________.

②The people at the meeting ________________________.

知识点12

The strong wind and heavy rain didn’t scare mebut I was quite frightened during the power failure.

狂风暴雨没有吓坏我,但是我在停电期间很害怕。

scare vt.&vi.惊吓,害怕 n恐慌;惊吓

※scare...away/off把……吓跑

scare sb.into doing sth.恐吓某人做某事

※scared adj.害怕的,吓坏了的

(be) scared to death吓得要死

be scared to do sth.害怕/不敢做某事

be scared of sb./sth.害怕某人/某事

※scary adj.恐怖的,吓人的

(1)Sometimes loud noises like these will________ bears ________.

有时候这样大的噪音会把熊吓跑。

(2)Some parents try to scare their children________ working hard.

有些父母试图用吓唬的办法使孩子们努力学习。

(3)So I ran back home almost in the dark while trying not to get too ________(scare).

所以我几乎在黑暗中跑回家,尽量地不去害怕。

(4)She was scared ________(shout) at the person damaging her house.

她不敢冲这个破坏她家房子的人大喊。

(5)They have Halloween parties and watch ________(scare) movies.

他们举行万圣节聚会,观看恐怖电影。

[高级表达]

(6)As she was scared to death,she didn’t walk out of the room.(用非谓语动词改写)

________,she didn’t walk out of the room.

power n电,电力;权力;政权;控制力;能力;能量;力量

※in power当权

come to power上台

beyond one’s power某人力所不能及

※powerful adj.效能高的;强有力的;强壮的

(7)Agriculture gave people their first experience of the ________of technology to change lives.

农业让人们第一次体验到科技改变生活的力量。

(8)How long has the party been ________so far?

到目前为止,这个政党当权多长时间了?

(9)Could you tell me when the man ________?

你能告诉我这个人是什么时候上台的吗?

(10)It’s really ________my power to keep my head in that situation.

我这次真的没有能力在那种情况下保持冷静。

(11)The official is the most ________(power) man in this county.

那位官员7.是这个县里权力最大的人。

[易混辨析] strength,force,power,energy

※strength指固有的潜在力量。指人时,着重指力气;就物而言,着重指强度、潜力等。

※force指物理学上的“力”,也指为做某事而使用的力量,还可指武力。

※power指行动所根据的职权或能力,有时也指有权力的人或强国。还可指动力、电力。

※energy指物理学上的“能量”的概念或生理上的“精力”,也可指“能源”。

[选词填空] strength,force,power,energy

(12)We should devote our ________to the career.

(13)He had hardly enough________ left to move his feet.

(14)He took the money from me by ________.

(15)I’m sure that the young man has the________ to deal with the problem.

知识点13

Were you afraid of running out of supplies

你害怕把补给用完吗?

run out of用完;耗尽

use up 用光,是及物动词短语

run out用光,是不及物动词短语(不能用于被动语态)

give out用光,是不及物动词短语(不能用于被动语态)

(1)I am ________petrol.I must find a gas station before it ________.

我的汽油快用完了,我得趁还没用完找到一个加油站。

(2)Time is ________for the workers trapped in the disaster.

=The workers trapped in the disaster are ________time.

对于被困在灾难中的工人们来说,时间快用完了。

supply n补给,补给品;供应;供应量,储备 vt.供应,供给,提供

※in short supply缺少

relief supplies救援物资

※supply sth.to sb.(=supply sb.with sth.)提供给某人某物

(3)The falling leaves provide a good________ of nutrients to the soil.

落叶给土壤提供了很好的养料。

(4)Food is likely to be________ until the strike is over.

在罢工结束之前食物可能会一直供应不足。

(5)It is said that they supplied that organization ________weapons.

据说,他们给那个组织提供了武器。

[高级表达]

(6)I’d like to thank the resident who has supplied help to me.(用非谓语动词改写)

I’d like to thank the resident ________.

知识点14

Luckilymany people came to helpdonating food and clothes to charities.

幸运的是,很多人来帮忙,向慈善组织捐赠食物和衣服。

donate vt.捐赠,赠送;献(血)

※donate sth.to...向……捐赠某物

※donation n.捐赠;捐赠物;捐款

(1)Volunteers came with carloads of________ clothing and toys.

志愿者们带着一车车捐赠的衣服和玩具来了。

(2) ________(donate) began flooding in from hundreds of people.

来自数百人的捐赠开始大量到来。

[一句多译]

(3)这位老人给当地学校捐了很多钱。

①The old man ________the local school.(donate v.)

②The old man ________the local school.(donation n.)

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