高中英语必修二 U3知识点精讲(1)

2024-03-04 12:43 来源: 文化之窗 本文影响了:78人

知识点01

The wedding ceremony took place in a brightly decorated hotel room.(教材P30)

decorate vt.& vi.装饰;装修;点缀;粉刷,油漆

(1)decorate...with...用……装饰……

be decorated with...被……装饰

(2)decoration n.装饰;装饰物

decoration作“装饰”解时,是不可数名词;作“装饰品,装饰物”解时,是可数名词。

[单句语法填空/完成句子]

①The students usually decorate their classroom with paper flowers and balloons.But this year they intend to buy some special __________ (decorate).

②The room __________(decorate) in fancy style.

③Our classroom __________ some beautiful and eye-catching flowers.

我们的教室被一些美丽且引人注目的花儿装饰着。

知识点2

I did not understand all of the traditional customs,but a few made a deep impression on me.

impression n.印象;感想;影响,效果

(1)leave/make a(n)...impression on/upon sb.给某人留下一个……的印象

have/get a good impression of对……有一个好印象

(2)impress v.使……印象深刻

impress sb.with sth.某事给予某人深刻印象

impress sth.on/upon sb.使某人铭记某事

be impressed with/by...对……印象深刻

(3)impressive adj.给人深刻印象的

[单句语法填空/一句多译]

①His speech made a strong __________(impress) on the audience.

②On arriving at the tea house,the foreign students __________(impress) by the unique tea pots and tea cups.

③The romantic film’s special effects are particularly __________(impress).

④这个女孩的表演给我留下了深刻的印象。

→I ____________________the girl’s performance.(impress)

→The girl’s performance ____________________.(impression)

知识点3

No wonder people from Rio take a week off for this happy occasion.

occasion n.特殊场合,盛会;时刻;时机

(1)on this/that occasion这/那次

on no occasion决不(位于句首时,句子用部分倒装)

(2)on occasion(s)偶尔,偶然,有时

(3)occasional adj.偶然的

(4)occasionally adv.偶然;偶尔;有时候

注意:当定语从句的先行词为occasion时,定语从句的引导词要根据occasion的具体含义来确定。如果表示时间,意为“时刻;机会”,用关系副词when;如果表示地点,意为“场合”,用关系副词where。

[单句语法填空/句型转换]

①I can remember very few occasions __________ he had to ask for leave because of ill health.

②There is no doubt that a funeral is an occasion__________ you must take things seriously.

③This is my__________ (occasion) visit to the theme park,in which I meet the cartoon characters I like most.

④We should on no occasion __________ give up the plan.

→On no occasion____________________.

知识点4

I could see a group of around 20 Brazilian dancers and a band in fancy costumes standing in the street.

see+宾语+宾补

(1)standing in the street是现在分词短语作感官动词see的宾语补足语,强调动作正在进行,句子的宾语是它的逻辑主语,与分词短语存在主谓关系。

(2)“感官动词+宾语+宾语补足语”常用于这一结构的感官动词有:see,watch,hear,observe,feel等。

(3)宾语补足语有三种形式:现在分词、(省略to的)不定式和过去分词。现在分词表示动作正在进行;(省略to的)不定式表示动作已经完成,或是经常发生;过去分词表示被动。

[单句语法填空/完成句子]

①I could feel the wind __________(blow) on my face.

②Listening to music at home is one thing,going to hear it __________ (perform) live is another thing.

③She was amazed to __________ in front of her.

她惊讶地看到她儿时的朋友站在她面前。

④In the dream,Peter __________by a fierce wolf,and he woke suddenly.

在梦中,彼得看见自己被一只凶猛的狼追赶,他突然醒了。

知识点5

Iceboxes of soft drinks and beer lined the narrow streets,and the smell of roasted meat filled the air as we passed wave after wave of street stands.

as引导时间状语从句

as作连词的用法:

(1)引导时间状语从句,意为“当……时;一边……一边……,随着……”。

(2)引导方式状语从句,意为“如同,按照”。

(3)引导原因状语从句,意为“因为,既然”。

(4)引导让步状语从句,意为“尽管”,此时从句用部分倒装,即将形容词、副词、名词、动词等放于as前面。

(5)引导比较状语从句,常用于 as...as...句型,意为“像……一样”。

[完成句子/句型转换]

①____________________ ,our people are getting richer and happier.

随着我们国家的发展,我们的人民越来越富裕和幸福。

②You should do____________________ .

你应该按照老师告诉你的去做。

③I want you to live __________I have.

我想让你和我一样过健康长寿的生活。

④Although they were tired,they stayed up preparing the report.(改为as引导的倒装句)

→Tired __________,they stayed up preparing the report.

知识点6

The customs that followed were anything but ordinary.

anything but决不,根本不


①The hotel is __________ cheap.

这家旅馆根本不便宜。

②The visit is boring.It is __________ a waste of time.

这次参观很无聊。这只不过是在浪费时间。

③There was __________ the truth in what he said.

他说的根本不是真的。

知识点7

was so caught up in the party fever that I hardly noticed five hours fly by!

be caught up in被卷入,陷入

be caught in 突然遭受,处于困境

catch up with跟上,赶上

①I didn’t want to __________ the heated argument between you two.

我不想卷入你们之间激烈的争论。

②He __________ a traffic jam,so he had to wait.

他陷入了交通堵塞中,所以他不得不等待。

③You’ll have to work harder to __________ the top students in your class.

你必须更加努力学习才能赶上你班上最优秀的学生。

知识点8

But how could she earn some?

earn vt.& vi.赚得;获利;赢得

(1)earn money=make money挣钱

earn one’s/a living=make a living谋生

earn a good reputation赢得一个好名声

(2)earnings n.收入,所得;工资,报酬

[完成句子]

①We decided to form a band so that we could__________ by playing and singing in a pub.

我们决定组建一个乐队,这样我们就可以通过在酒吧里演奏和唱歌来赚钱。

②Your efforts will pay off in no time and __________ .

你的努力会很快得到回报,并为你赢得一个好名声。

③Most ordinary farmers have to __________ by doing manual labor.

大多数普通农民必须靠体力劳动谋生。

知识点9

She found it at last: a simple but beautiful watch chain for his gold watch,which had been passed down to him from his grandfather.

pass down使世代相传,流传

pass sb. sth./pass sth.on to sb.把某物递给某人

pass away逝世,去世

pass by路过;流逝

[完成句子]

①A mother would __________ excellent traditions to her daughter.

母亲会把优秀的传统传给她的女儿。

②Just at that moment,Jim happened to be__________ .

在那个时刻,吉姆碰巧路过。

③I received a message from my parents that my beloved grandpa __________.

我收到父母的消息说我心爱的爷爷去世了。

知识点10

...but how many people today still observe this tradition?

observe vt.观察;注意到;遵守(规则、法律等);庆祝

(1)observe sb.do sth.观察到某人做了某事

observe sb.doing sth.观察到某人正在做某事

observe sb./sth.done观察到……被……

observe+that...发现……

(2)observation n.观察;监视

注意:observe sb.do sth.如果改成被动语态,应补上省略的不定式符号to,即sb.be observed to do sth.。

[一词多义/句型转换]

①Though having lived abroad for years,many Chinese still observe traditional customs. __________

②Could you tell me how you usually observe Thanksgiving Day in your country?__________

③The police observed the man enter the bank. __________

④The police observed the man enter the bank.


______________________________.(改为被动语态)

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